L'heure a sonné de reprendre la Résistance, unis et décidés. (Appel pour la création de la ligue nationale contre la force de frappe, 1963)

My END archive consists of 6 thick archival cases, one for each one, or two, of the END Conventions. I attended all the END Conventions except the one in Vitoria Gastiz 1989.

True, the original END appeal (April, 1980) saw the day during a historical period which came to its end in 1989. Yet the atomic age continued, and it still continues. Our children, our students, are about to discover this continuity.

Thus a young student of political science and diplomatic history spent a couple of hours in my study today in order to consult my END-archive for her masters thesis.

The visit of the student reminded me of the the years 1985-1987, when I myself used to pay visits to Frenchmen of the previous generation, who had been active in the earlier anti-nuclear peace movements. One of the persons I met and interviewed for my own research (on the nuclear opportunism of the French Left), was Maurice Kriegel-Valrimont, a historical leader of the French Resistance. At the beginning of the 1960s, Kriegel-Valrimont had been one of the founders (together with Jules Moch) of the Ligue nationale contre la force de frappe, which organized popular demonstrations against the national French atomic bomb project. (The first French test explosions were being carried out in Algeria at that time.)

My interview with Kriegel-Valrimont, of which I have made a transcript which I shall publish one day, ends with a note on the atomic bomb and military-political theory. ''"The nuclear means must be removed from the relations of forces", says the old warrior. " The search for a way to suppress the nuclear arms is the base on which any serious policy must rest"''.

The European Nuclear Disarmament Appeal of 1980 is one formulation of "the serious policy". It is a manifesto for a free and united Europe. Its actuality is even greater today than in the era of the Cold War. It used to be a Utopian vision in the desperate situation of 'Exterminism', as E.P. Thompson labeled the insane nuclear arms race over Europe in the 1980s. Today, getting rid of the nuclear weapons is the only alternative to Dystopia.

The relation of forces in Europe and in the world will change when Europe becomes a nuclear free zone from Poland to Portugal. For the peoples of Europe, it will be a change for the better, a true liberation, spiritual - because atomic weapons are mad and criminal, and a burden on the conscience of every single citizen; material - because the nuclear weapon systems are the symbol of wasted resources and environmental destruction.

Build a social and democratic Europe, invest in schools and healthcare, develop the public transport systems, guarantee universal access to internet, support the development of free software and public libraries! In other words, convert the nuclear complex into public services for the people!

The belief that nuclear disarmament will ever come about as a result of negotiations between the leaders of the great powers is vain and naive. Nuclear disarmament is a revolutionary process, which starts when the political pressure from below becomes irresistible.